Matryoshka, also known as nesting dolls, Russian dolls, are a set of wooden dolls.
The first Russian nested doll set was made in 1890 by wood turning craftsman and wood carver Vasily Zvyozdochkin from a design by Sergey Malyutin, who was a folk crafts painter at Abramtsevo.
Traditionally the outer layer is a woman, dressed in a sarafan, a long and shapeless traditional Russian peasant jumper dress.
Matryoshka is often seen as a symbol of the feminine side of Russian culture, and it is associated in Russia with family and fertility.
Matryoshka is a traditional representation of the mother carrying a child within her, and can be seen as a representation of a chain of mothers carrying on the family legacy through the child in their womb.
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